Mạnh Thường Quân Tiếng Anh

     

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Hố ngăn cách giàu nghèo vẫn còn đó đó trong nỗ lực kỷ 21.


Yvonne: Hello, I"m Yvonne Archer and Alice has joined me for today"s 6 Minute English. Hello, Alice!

Alice: Hello, Yvonne.

Yvonne: Of course, the world news is often about the financial crisis, so I thought it would be nice to lớn hear about philanthropy on today"s programme.

Alice: Very good choice.

Yvonne: Thanks, Alice. So, how about explaining "philanthropy" for us?

Alice: Sure. "Philanthropy" is something people or companies vì to help others in a practical way. For example, they might give away some money khổng lồ help improve other people’s lives.

Yvonne: Hmm. Thanks, Alice. So philanthropy is about generosity, really – giving và being kind lớn other people. Now, before we hear more I"ve a question for you. Are you ready, Alice?

Alice: I am.

Yvonne: OK. Of course, coins have been around for hundreds of years. But where was the first true paper money used? Was it in: a) trung quốc b) Turkey orc) Egypt

Alice: Oh, I would guess…Turkey.

Yvonne: OK! So, as usual, I"ll give you the answer at the end of today"s "6 Minute English". Recently, two of the world"s wealthiest men – Americans Bill Gates và Warren Buffett, were in India.

Alice: Ah, yes - Bill Gates is the founder of Microsoft and Warren Buffett is a very successful investor. They"re both US dollar billionaires & have given away considerable – or very large - amounts of money.

Yvonne: Exactly. & in India, there are 55 billionaires, so Bill Gates and Warren Buffett met some of them who are industrialists and businessmen, khổng lồ talk about philanthropy. Let"s hear Bill Gates explain more about their trip lớn India.




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You know, our goal is just lớn talk about philanthropy & learn from other people. Our experience is that when we talk about it with others that there"s a tendency for them to vì somewhat more. But we"re not trying to, you know, make anyone feel guilty - we"re just here khổng lồ talk about why we bởi vì it and see if there"s a chance khổng lồ work together.

Bill Gates


Yvonne: Bill Gates talked about their goal – what they"re aiming to vì chưng or are trying khổng lồ achieve by visiting India. Did you catch what that was, Alice?

Alice: Yes, several things, actually. Their goal was khổng lồ talk khổng lồ people about philanthropy – và why they vị it. They also wanted khổng lồ learn from other people & find out whether there"s a chance – an opportunity – that they might be able to work together.

Yvonne: And what did Bill Gates mean when he said that, after he & Warren Buffett speak to lớn other wealthy people, "there"s a tendency for them to do somewhat more"? What"s "a tendency to vì chưng something"?

Alice: "A tendency lớn something" means you’re more likely to vày it. So by talking to lớn other wealthy people about philanthropy, it"s more likely they’ll get involved.

Yvonne: Next, here"s the dongan-group.com.vn"s Shalu Yadav with a little more information on that visit lớn India by two of the world"s richest men.




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Bill Gates and Warren Buffett have been successful in inspiring billionaires in the United States and china to give away a notable part of their wealth for a good cause. But out of India"s 55 billionaires, only a handful have shown the same enthusiasm.

Shalu Yadav, dongan-group.com.vn"s reporter


Yvonne: Bill Gates and Warren Buffett have managed lớn make other billionaires in the United States and trung quốc feel that it"s a good idea to give away a notable part of their wealth - a fairly large amount of their money - for a good cause. Alice, what does the dongan-group.com.vn"s Shalu Yadav mean by "for a good cause"?

Alice: Well, "for a good cause" means for what the philanthropists think is a good reason. For example, if you give money to a charity that helps people to lớn access clean drinking water, most people would agree that it’s a good cause. You"re giving your money away to help other people.

Yvonne: Mm. So far, only a handful of – very few - of India"s 55 billionaires have shown the same enthusiasm lớn become philanthropists. So far, they haven"t shown the same amount of passion và eagerness that Bill Gates and Warren Buffett show for philanthropy.

Alice: Perhaps they give khổng lồ charity in other ways?

Yvonne: That’s true! OK Alice, I haven"t got any money to lớn give you – but you"ve got something for me, and that"s the answer to lớn today"s question!

Alice: and hopefully, I"ve got the right answer?

Yvonne: Well, let"s see. I asked: where was the first true paper money used? Was it in China, Turkey or Egypt?

Alice: and I said Turkey.

Yvonne: Well, the first coins came from what is now Turkey, but the answer is China. True paper money was used between 600 and 1455 there, although true paper money didn"t really work well until it was printed in Massachusetts in the United States in the 1690s. So Alice, as you"re feeling so philanthropic, why don"t you remind us of some of the language we heard in today"s "6 Minute English"?

Alice: Today, we heard:

philanthropy

billionaires

industrialists

a tendency to vì chưng something

a notable part of

a good cause

a handful of

enthusiasm

Yvonne: Lovely, thanks so much, Alice. And that"s all for today, but bởi join us again for more "6 Minute English" soon.