When he was young, he

     

Soccer, or football as it"s known outside of North America, is the most popular thể thao in the world. So, how is it played, who plays it và many more questions are answered right here.

What is soccer?

Soccer is a team sport played by a team of 11 players against another team of 11 players on a field.

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The team has one designated goalkeeper and 10 outfield players. Outfield players are usually specialised in attacking or defending or both. A team is typically split into defenders, midfielders và forwards, though there is no restriction on players moving anywhere on the pitch.

It is known as soccer in North America, but is called football in most of the rest of the world. Its full name is Association Football.

What does a soccer ball look like?

A soccer ball is round, & must measure between 27-28" in circumference và weigh between 14 & 16oz.

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How many countries play soccer?

Soccer is the world"s most popular sport, played by over 250 million people in more than 200 countries. It is particularly popular in Europe, Central và South America, & Africa, though has a growing influence in North America & Asia.

What does a soccer pitch look like?

The game is played on a rectangular field called a pitch with a goal at either end. The kích thước of the pitch for international adult category matches can be between 110-120 yards long and 70-80 yards wide.

The lines at either kết thúc of the pitch are called the goal lines, the lines perpendicular to lớn the goal lines are called the touchlines.

The playing surface is usually grass. Artificial surfaces are very rarely used at professional level.

What is the aim of soccer?

The object of the trò chơi is khổng lồ move the ball up the pitch & beyond the goal line of your opponent"s goal. A standard trò chơi lasts 90 minutes, split into two halves of 45 minutes.

The goal has two upright posts and a horizontal bar connecting them known as the crossbar and is placed in the middle of the goal line. For competitive games, a net is connected to the posts & crossbar lớn stop the ball after it has crossed the goal line.

Any of a team"s 11 players on the pitch can score a goal, which adds one khổng lồ the team"s total. The team also get a goal if an opponent sends the ball into their own goal by mistake.

The team that scores the most goals in the 90 minutes wins the game.

Regular season games end at 90 minutes, even if the scoreline is level.

In domestic cup competitions & the knockout stages of international club & national team competitions, an additional 30 minutes - known as extra-time - is played, split into two halves of 15 minutes.

If the scores are still cấp độ after extra-time, a penalty shootout takes place. Here, five players from each team take turns to lớn score. If the scores are still level after that, the team"s remaining players step up for sudden death until there is a winner.

Does soccer have post-season play-offs?

Most domestic soccer leagues do not have a post-season play-off round like the major sports in the United States & Canada. The team that finishes at the đứng đầu of the table after the kết thúc of the season is usually crowned champion after each team has played each other at trang chủ and away (on the road).

Most league competitions give winning teams three points. A tie - or a draw - earns both sides one point. Losing teams receive no points.

Some domestic leagues vày use playoffs khổng lồ decide which teams are demoted - or relegated - from a league, such as the dongan-group.com.vn in Germany. The English Premier League has a play-off lớn decide which team is promoted khổng lồ the đứng top flight from the second division.

What are the rules of soccer?

The sport has 17 rules known as the Laws of the Game, which were laid down and are governed by the International Football Association Board (IFAB). The laws are designed lớn be universal, but slight modifications are made to lớn take into account factors such as age, gender and disabilities.

What is a foul in soccer?

In the team of 11 players, 10 are known as "outfield" players, & are forbidden by the Laws of the game from touching the ball with their hands or arms. Only the team"s goalkeeper is allowed to use their hands, & only inside their penalty area. If the goalkeeper leaves the penalty area, they are subject khổng lồ the same rules as the outfield players.

Handling the ball deliberately, tripping an opponent, and pushing an opponent are punished either by a direct free-kick - meaning the attacking team can attempt to lớn score immediately when the referee signals for play to continue - that is taken from the position where the foul occurred or a penalty if the infringement occurs inside the penalty box of the fouling player"s team.

Other fouls are punished by an indirect free-kick, which means at least one other member of the attacking team must cảm biến the ball before a goal can be scored.

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What is a penalty kick in soccer?

The penalty area is also referred khổng lồ as the 18-yard box. The goalkeeper can only use their hands lớn touch the ball inside their own penalty area. Any defending player who breaks a Law of the game - commits a foul, as it is known - inside the penalty area, gives the opposition a penalty kick.

A penalty sees the ball placed on the penalty spot 12 yards from the centre of the goal. Any player, including the goalkeeper, can take the penalty while the opposing goalkeeper tries to lớn stop the ball going into the goal. Only the taker và the defending goalkeeper are permitted inside the penalty area.

What happens when the ball goes out of play in soccer?

If the ball crosses the goal line but does not go into the goal, and was last touched by a player from the defending team, a corner kick is awarded khổng lồ the attacking team & is taken from the corner of the pitch nearest lớn where the ball left the playing area. If an attacker last touched the ball, a goal-kick is awarded with the ball placed on the edge of the six-yard box (the smaller rectangle inside the penalty area) và must be kicked by the defending team, traditionally by the goalkeeper.

If the ball crosses the touchline, a throw-in is awarded lớn the team which did not cảm ứng the ball last. This is the only time outfield players are permitted to touch the ball with their hands. They must return the ball into play while holding it with both hands and with both feet on the ground. Failure to bởi so results in a foul throw, meaning the other team are given the throw.

What vì chưng soccer players wear?

The goalkeeper must be designated before the start of the game, & wears a different colour shirt, shorts và socks lớn their teammates. All outfield players on the same team wear the same shirt, shorts và socks, known collectively as a strip.

All players wear boots which have studs or cleats to lớn improve grip on the pitch.

Headgear is not a required piece of basic equipment with all players usually wearing only shin guards & no other khung of protective padding. Goalkeepers wear specifically designed gloves in order to lớn improve their grip on the ball.

What does a soccer referee do?

A referee is appointed before each game and enforces the Laws of the Game. They have two assistant referees - one placed on the touchlines on opposite sides of the pitch and in opposite halves. A fourth official is present for professional games.

The referee can punish foul play by awarding a free-kick against the team of the offending player. If the foul occurs in the penalty area, a penalty kick is given khổng lồ the attacking team. If the attacking team commits a foul in the penalty area, a free-kick is given lớn the defending team.

The referee signals lớn players using a whistle, and is the only official inside the playing area.

What does a yellow card and a red thẻ mean in soccer?

There is no limit on how many fouls a player can make as in basketball, nor is there a penalty box as in ice hockey.

If a player commits what the referee thinks is a serious infringement, the referee can show the player a yellow or red card. A yellow card is a warning known as a booking, and if the same player commits a offence that the referee thinks deserves a second yellow card, that player is also shown a red card.

If a player is shown a red card, they must leave the pitch immediately. A player can be shown a red thẻ without having first been shown a yellow card if the referee thinks the rule infringement was serious enough.

If a goalkeeper is sent off, a substitute goalkeeper can be sent on to replace them, but an outfield player must be taken off as part of the exchange so that the team plays with 10 players.

A team can have up to four players sent off & still finish the match. However, referees are instructed khổng lồ stop matches prematurely if a team is reduced lớn fewer than seven players.

What is VAR?

In recent seasons, referees have been helped further by clip Assistant Referees (VAR). Previously, television replays were not used lớn help referees make a decision. Now, the referee has one or two colleagues, usually away from the stadium, who reviews four specific situations: cases of mistaken identity for yellow/red cards, potential infringements in the build-up to lớn a goal (fouls or offside), direct red thẻ decisions, & penalty decisions.

Goalline giải pháp công nghệ is also used to lớn tell referees if the ball has crossed the goal line. The whole of the ball must be over the goal line for a goal to be awarded.

How many substitutes can be used in soccer?

Typically for a professional game, seven substitutes, usually including one goalkeeper, are named at the start of the match on what is called the bench. Competition rules will specify exactly how many players outside the starting 11 can be named in the matchday squad.

However, only three substitutions are allowed to be used inside the 90-minute duration of the match, regardless of injuries. If a trò chơi goes khổng lồ extra-time, most competitions now allow a fourth substitute to be made.

Players are usually replaced because of injury, tiredness, or a change in tactics.

Who controls soccer?

Football is governed at a global màn chơi by FIFA, the International Federation of Football Associations, based in Switzerland. It has six regional confederations attached lớn it: the Union of European Football Associations (UEFA), the Confederation of African Football (CAF), the Asian Football Confederation (AFC), the Confederation of North, Central American and Caribbean Association Football (CONCACAF), the Oceania Football Confederation (OFC), & the South American Football Confederation (CONMEBOL).

Each country has their own national football association, such as the English Football Association in England, known as the FA, or US Soccer in the USA.

Each national association organises competitions between clubs associated with them. The most renowned are the "top five" European leagues: the German dongan-group.com.vn, the English Premier League, La Liga in Spain, Italy"s Serie A, & Ligue 1 in France.

Each regional confederation organises competitions between clubs & also national teams. The most well known & lucrative club competition in the world is the UEFA Champions League. It is held annually and features the European teams that have finished highest in their respective national leagues. UEFA also organise the UEFA EURO, a European championship held every four years, which features national teams that have won through in the qualifying process.

What is the soccer World Cup?

FIFA organise the World Cup every four years, two years after/before the Olympic Games và UEFA"s EUROs. It is open to national teams from around the planet. It has most recently been contested between 32 finalists, though that number will increase lớn 48 for the 2026 competition khổng lồ be held in the USA, Canada và Mexico.

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The World Cup is the single-most watched sporting event on the planet. The 2006 tournament in Germany enjoyed cumulative viewing figures of over 26 billion, while in excess of 715 million - one ninth of the planet"s population - watched Italy beat France in the final at Berlin"s Olympiastadion.